August Macke (1877 - 1914)
A leading member of the German Expressionist
group Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider).
However, his artistic career spanned only 8
years and his life was cut short when he was
killed during the first few weeks of World War
I. He was born at Meschede Germany in 1887 and
died in Germany in 1914 at the age of 26 years.
He was a student at the Academy of Fine Arts in
Dusseldorf and lived in Germany at a
particularly innovative time for the German art
movement. He moved from theater and costume
design to creating works of brilliant color and
simplified form. Macke traveled extensively
throughout Europe although most of his creative
life was spent in Bonn.
Diego Rivera (1886 - 1957)
Probably Mexico's greatest 20th century painter.
Diego studied at the National School of Fine
Arts in Mexico. He received a grant to study in
Europe and worked in Madrid at the Studio of
Eduardo Chicharra. In 1909 he lived in Paris and
adopted an impressionist style of art. By 1913
Rivera had turned to Cubism and exhibited at the
Gallerie Bernheim-Jeune and Salone d'Automne. In
1914 he met Juan Gris and Pablo Picasso.
In 1921 he returned to Mexico and founded the
Mexican School of Painting. Rivera is known for
his large and politically motivated murals and
for his famous love affair with Frida Kahlo. His
1933 Mural for RCA in New York attracted huge
controversy. It contained the words "God does
not exist" and was withheld from public view for